Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from different organs of Ferula communis L. growing wild in Algeria
Ferula communis, is an aromatic plants, widely used in Algerian traditional medicine. This study, examined for the first time, the antioxidant and the antimicrobial properties of essential oils (EOs) from different organs of this species growing wild in Algeria. The EOs were tested against six microorganisms using the disc diffusion method. The rhizome EO showed the highest antimicrobial activities, followed by seed EO. Inflorescence and leaf EOs were similarly active in the third position. The antioxidant activity was determined using the DPPH free radical scavenging method. The results indicated that the EOs obtained from different organs of F. communis exhibited a weak DPPH radical scavenging activity. Therefore based on the good antimicrobial activities showed in this study, EOs from F. communis can be used as antimicrobial agent.